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Welcome to Bear Country
Welcome to Spanish I !!! My name is Octavio Tierranegra and I am a Spanish I teacher and the ESL coordinator for Montgomery Junior High. I was born in Celaya, Mexico and went to Conroe High School. I graduated from Sam Houston State University and am certified in Spanish and ESL. My family and I have lived in Montgomery, Texas since 2002. I am very happy to be at MJH and am looking forward to a great 2018-19 school year.
Bienvenidos a la clase de Español I
Mi nombre es Octavio Tierranegra, soy el profesor de español y coordinador del programa de ESL de la escuela Secundaria en Montgomery. Naci en Celaya Gto. México y asistí a la escuela Superior en Conroe. Me gradué de la Universidad Sam Houston con una licenciatura en español, obtengo un diplomado en ESL y español. Mi familia y yo hemos vivido en Montgomery desde el 2002. Es un placer para mi poder enseñar en MJH y espero tener un gran año escolar 2018-19 .
saludos greetings Muchacho(s)/Chico/Niño Boy(s)
¡Hola! Hello! Muchacha(s)/Chica/Niña Girl(s)
Buenos días. Good morning. señor sir, Mr., gentleman
Buenas tardes. Good afternoon. señora Ms., Mrs., madam
Buenas noches. Good evening. señorita Miss, Ms.
¿Qué tal? How are things?/How are you? Muy bien. Very well.
Bien, gracias. Well (Fine), thank you. ¿Y tú? And you?
¿Cómo te llamas? What’s your name? Me llamo… My name is
Encantado charmed Mucho gusto Nice to meet you
Mal bad Más o menos More or less/ok
¡Adiós! Good-bye! La amiga The friend (female)
¡Chao! (Ciao!-Italian) Good-bye!, Bye! El amigo The friend (male)
¡Hasta luego! See you later! ¡Hasta pronto! See you soon!
¡Hasta mañana! See you tomorrow! Mañana Tomorrow/morning
la cortesía courtesy De nada. You’re welcome.
Sí yes Por nada. You’re welcome.
No no No hay de qué. You’re welcome.
Por favor. Please. Gracias. Thank you
D. Counting in Spanish
treinta y uno 31
treinta y dos 32
treinta y tres 33
ciento uno 101
ciento dos 102
El abecedario: a, b, c, ch, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, ll, m, n, ñ, o, p, q, r, rr, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z.
Sounds: ch, g, h, j, ll, ñ, rr
Las Vocales: a, e, i, o, u
Greetings in Latin America vs. U.S.
Independencia de países hispanas en Septiembre:
tú (you, informal)
usted (you, formal)
Here are some important tips about each of the above subject pronouns.
Tú is written with a tilde to distinguish it from the possessive adjective tu (your).
You can abbreviate usted as Ud. in writing.
Él is written with a tilde to differentiate it from the definite article el (the).
Use nosotros or nosotras when speaking about a group of which you are a part.
The difference between nosotros and nosotras is gender.
You can abbreviate ustedes as Uds. in writing.
A definite article always has to match both the gender and number of its noun.
Check out these examples with the different definite articles in Spanish.
When a feminine singular noun begins with a stressed a or ha sound, the masculine definite article is used instead of the feminine definite article.
Take a look of these examples of feminine words that take the masculine singular article (el) in the singular, but the feminine plural article (las) in the plural.
The indefinite article always has to match both the gender and number
of its noun. For example if a noun is masculine and singular (like gato), then its article also has to be masculine and singular (so, un gato). If that same noun were plural (like gatos), the article would also be plural (so, unos gatos).
Here are some more examples showing indefinite articles matching the number and gender of the nouns they modify.
When a feminine singular noun begins with a stressed a or ha, the masculine indefinite article (un) is used instead of the feminine indefinite article (una).
Here are some examples of feminine nouns that take the masculine
indefinite article in the singular. As the table shows, they take the
feminine plural article in the plural.
te (to/for you informal)
When direct and indirect object pronouns are used together in a sentence, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun.
The indirect object pronouns le and les change to se when followed by the direct object pronouns lo, la, los and las.
le/les -> se before lo, la, los, las
When a sentence with object pronouns is negative, the negative word (for example, no or nunca) directly precedes any object pronouns.
Irregular prepositional phrases: conmigo = with me contigo = with you
The Spanish k is pronounced basically the same as it usually is in English, except perhaps a bit softer, often something like the "c" in "scatter."
The q is pronounced the same. As in English, the Spanish q is always followed by a u except in a very few words of foreign origin. Spanish is even more particular in the sequences in which the q is used: the qu is always followed by by an e or an i, and the u is silent. Thus que is pronounced something like "keh" would be in English and quien is pronounced something like "kyen."
The sound is also the same as the c sound except when the c precedes an e or i.
In order to maintain the correct pronunciation, the Spanish cognates of English words with "qua" or "quo" are often spelled with a c in Spanish instead. Thus the Spanish word for "quartz" is cuarzo, and the word for "quota" is cuota.
The k is rare in Spanish, used almost exclusively for words of foreign origin such as kilo and kayak.
In a technical sense, two words that have a common origin are cognates.
Most often, cognates are words in two languages that have a common
etymology, or background, and are similar or identical. For example, the
English word "kiosk" and the Spanish quiosco are cognates because they both come from the Turkish word kosk.
Cross Cultural Encounters
Spanish Colonial Expansion 1521-1830
The colonial Period was ushered in by the conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires. Political domination of indigenous peoples in the Americas was accomplished by brute military force, aided by the decimation of the population due to disease and starvation. The Spanish were driven in their efforts at conquest by two goals -- the spread of Christianity and the acquisition of new resources for the Spanish crown.
Viceroyalties were established in Mexico (New Spain) and Peru for the bureaucratic administration of these new lands. Society was stratified: colonist who had come directly from Spain held the most prestigious positions, Spaniards born in the Americas (Creoles) came next, followed by those of mixed race (Mestizos) and, finally, Indians at the bottom. There was great wealth to be had in the New Spain, and a new class of nobility emerged whose fortunes were based on land, silver, and Indian labor.
Initially, art was created in in purely European styles such as Mannerism, Baroque, and Neoclassicism, but over time regional mestizo styles emerged. Subjects were usually religious, although there was also a tradition of secular
San Antonio Museum of Art
Present tense conjugation of the infinitive ar ending verb.
Present tense conjugation of the infinitive er ending verb.
Present tense conjugation of the infinitive ir ending verb.
SER and ESTAR are irregular verbs. It does not follow the standard rules of conjugation for regular -ar and -er verbs. Therefore, YOU MUST MEMORIZE THEM. List of irregular verbs.
S1 Identification of a person or thing ? Es una computadora.
Adjectives that express:
S2 Profession / job ? Él es ingeniero. / Ella es secretaria.
S3 Nationality ? Yo soy mexicana.
S4 Religion ? Ella es católica.
S5 political identification ? Nosotros somos demócratas
S6 legal classification ? Ella es divorciada.
S7 Possession: ? Es mi perro.
S8 Material something is made out of: ? El zapato es de plástico
S9 Adjectives indicating a personal characteristics ? Ella es alta. Height, intelligence, hair color, etc.
S10 To tell time: ? Son las 10.
S11 To express general opinions: ? Es importante usar zapatos.
tu - eres
E1 Health (temporary) ? Yo estoy bien.
E2 Emotion (temporary state) ? Ella está nerviosa.
E3 Location ? La oficina está en Houston.
E4 Present Progressive (Before a gerund) ? Ella está hablando. (or –iendo)
E5 Temporary or accidental state ? El taco está frío.
tu - estás
tu - vas
tu - fuiste
tu - irás
Class Overview and Supply List
This class will:
4-17 Dual Language 6th grade
Future Tense Quiz
Preterite Tense Quiz
Irregular Present Tense Quiz
Jeopardy Verbs Game 2
Verb Gustar Quiz
Possessive Adjectives: Quiz #1
Possessive Adj Quiz 2
Definite Articles Quiz
Indefinite Articles Quiz
Basic Rules of Thumb - Acentos
If a word ends in a vowel, or 'n' or 's', the stress is usually on the next to the last syllable.
If a word ends in a consonant other than 'n' or 's', the stress is usually on the last syllable.
If the stress in a word doesn't follow rules 1 and 2, then the syllable that is stressed needs a written accent mark over the vowel.
Montgomery Independent School District, with an unyielding commitment to excellence, will provide a premier academic program that recognizes the unique potential of each student and integrates the intellectual, social, cultural and physical aspects of learning. This program will empower each student to become an eager lifelong learner committed to academic excellence, integrity, responsible citizenship and service to others.
Montgomery Junior High School | 19000 Stewart Creek Road | Montgomery, TX 77356 | Phone: (936) 276-3300| Fax: (936) 276-3301
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